Mall of Africa is the largest single phase shopping mall to be built in southern Africa with a total retail area of 130 000 m2. It sets a new benchmark in retail design. The gross development area occupies the biggest space for any mall on the African continent (485,000 square metres). The mall design was inspired by Africa's geological features, as evident by its courts. The Crystal Court is located in the Northern Section of the mall, representing Southern Africa's mineral wealth with sharp geometric patterns. The Great Lakes Court is located the Eastern Section of the mall, representing the Great Lakes mostly of East Africa and has calm and gentle materials used. The Desert Court is located in the Southern Section of the mall, representing the Sahara Desert of North Africa and has calm motifs used in traditional Berber carpets. The Oleum Court is located in the Western Section of the mall, representing West Africa's Oil wealth. The Forest Walk Court is in the center of the shopping mall, representing Central Africa and its rain forests. The developer for the project is Atterbury. The Architect is ‘MDS Architecture’ and the Consulting Civil and Structural Engineers are Auecon. Construction was carried out by a Joint Venture of ‘Group Five’ and ‘WBHO’. The mall was opened to the public on 28 April 2016.